Posts about Worship written by Sim Chen Xing. And so, they cannot both be true. At the very least, if any two of them do not share these basic facts, then we cannot reasonably conclude that the Abrahamic religions believe in the same God. But such an act of interfaith concession would violate a central Islamic doctrine—that while there were prophets before Muhammad—notably Abraham, Moses and Jesus—he is “the seal of prophecy”, its final culmination. The assumption is that all these theistic faiths, have one spiritual ancestor; and notwithstanding some differences in details, Jews, Christians, and Muslims, worship the same God. And what about Reform and Orthodox Jews? It then seems just about inevitable to say that Jews, Christians and Muslims, whatever their differences, do indeed worship the same God. (To use another term of current interfaith politeness, this may be due to the fact that my Internet skills should properly be dated BCE—“before the common era”.) Jews reject Jesus as their Messiah and in fact, are still awaiting that Messiah. The best known Abrahamic religions are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. What this means is that to be correct in saying that the Abrahamic religions reveal the same God, we must conclude that they ALL share the essential facts surrounding the very nature and essence of that God. Abrahamic Religions: Overview & … Abrahamic religions are religions that, at their core, give a prominent paternal role to the Hebrew patriarch, Abraham. It would seem to stretch credulity for the disciples to have concocted a story for which they would be willing to undergo such immense suffering and martyrdom. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are three of the most influential world religions in history. For our intents and purposes, we need to evaluate … After all, the most conservative Catholic or Protestant cannot overlook the fact that the Hebrew Bible is part of the canonical Christian Scriptures. What were the terms of the covenant that Abraham made with God at the beginning of the Abrahamic religions Abrahams decendents would be gods chosen people. Jews who maintained their Judaism reject that Jesus came back from the dead. Photo Credit: "The Sacrifice of Isaac Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo (Italian, Venice 1727–1804 Venice).jpg", © 2013 Jorge Elías, Flickr | CC-BY | via Wylio. The Christian view of creation is that the Trinity was responsible for creation (Colossians 1:16, John 1:3, Gen. 1:2, Psalm 33:6). Hello, reader. The Abrahamic faiths believe in only one life, after which, one is either elevated to heaven or descends to hell. on How Could a Loving Person Send Themself to Hell? So what do the “Abrahamic” religions disagree about? Abrahamic Religions believe in ONE God — the Creator of the Universe. Whatever may have been intended by the two Apostles, this decision marks the emergence of Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism. Do Catholics and Protestants share a common faith? Often the differences between the three Abrahamic religions— Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — seem more obvious than their commonalities, leading to the question "Do we worship the same God?" Scholars from both communities criticized the term as substituting a fuzzy commonality for the sharp differences between the two faiths. Eastern religions, however, believe in the existence of multiple gods.On the surface, it appears that the two category of religions hold contradicting worldview. Join over 5,000 other subscribers. Is this popular belief reasonable? The answer is yes because of "Abraham Ecumene". Its central thesis was reiterated in the lecture at Gordon-Conwell:  Yes, one can say that Christians and Muslims believe in the “same God”. The earliest Jewish explanation of the empty tomb was that the disciples had snuck in during the night and stolen his body from his tomb (Matthew 28:11-15). The audience at Volf’s lecture was divided. (Indeed, in terms of sheer bulk, the New Testament looks like an appendix to the Old.) How Could a Loving Person Send Themself to Hell? It’s clear that although the various Abrahamic religions may lay claim to the same historical figure as the roots of their patriarchy, the specific claims of each religion are entirely different and mutually exclusive. This kind of open inquiry about the origin of Cosmos is unknown in the Abrahamic religions like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. An Islamic group asked the state to forbid Christians to use the name “Allah” both in Malay translations of the Bible and in church worship. The history of Jews under the rule of Christians hardly encouraged the notion that the two worshipped the same God! Liars make poor martyrs. A Common Set of Religious Traditions For the many Jews, Christians, and Muslims who argue that they all believe in and worship the same God, their arguments are based largely upon the fact that they all share a common set of religious traditions. One of the common sentiments held by many today is that the Abrahamic religions acknowledge and fundamentally believe in the same God - that whatever differences there are within each of those religions can easily be syncretized. If one looks more closely at any collective category, its alleged essence can quite easily be deconstructed, and not only when it comes to religion. God is further held to have the properties of holiness, … There are theistic elements in Mahayana Buddhism, with devotion directed toward godlike boddhisatvas—individuals who have attained Enlightenment, but who, out of compassion, delay their entry into the final bliss in order to help others to get there. Say no: Both Christianity and rabbinical Judaism developed side by side in the early years of the common era. It seems to me, though, that between those who say no and those who say yes to the idea of Abrahamic faiths, the latter have the better case. Or, for that matter, “human beings”? Published on: December 14, 2011. In at least one version of Islamic law, there is the provision  that anyone who, whatever his intention, pronounces the shehada before witnesses, thereby becomes a Muslim. It would take too long to consider all the minor Abrahamic religions and since it may not ultimately matter, we’re only going to look at the major Abrahamic faiths. Do Judaism, Christianity and Islam worship the same God? Although all Abrahamic religions worship one deity, each religion refers to the deity using a distinct name. The major Abrahamic religions are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. "So this God that Jacob worshipped, this God that Abraham, Isaac worshipped, is the same God that Muslims worship today." Since the Christian creeds admit this similarity, there isn’t much friction of particular beliefs when it comes to those commonalities. Similarities and Differences among the Religious Beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are referred to as the three Abrahamic religions, this means that in addition to being monotheistic religions that worship the same God, these three religions feature Abraham in a foundational role (Gilman 15). What if God isn’t all that different across the religions? Nowadays, it has become fashionable to refer to the “The Three Abrahamic Religions,” with respect to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. As such, Muslims do not think that the Abrahamic religions believe in the same God and rightfully so. For Islam, both Judaism and Christianity, as they developed, distorted the message of these earlier prophets. From a sophisticated Buddhist points of view, these faiths are at best forms of upaya—a Sanskrit term usually translated as “expedient means”—that is, illusions useful as crutches on the path to Enlightenment for those not yet ready for the truth. Is it true? In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. An interesting development occurred in Malaysia in 2010. In Christianity, Jesus is God incarnate. The central theme of Christianity is that Jesus atoned for the sins of humanity. Yes, all Abrahamic religions worship the same one singular God of Abraham. The Muslim case is not the same. Referring to Jesus as “the Word” (λόγος - Greek “Logos” meaning divine reason), John wrote, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (The Pharisees got bad press in the New Testament, but many historians think that both of the above two developments grew out of a Pharisee tradition, of which Rabbi Hillel was one of the founders.) Tolerant Christians (like the Jesuit missionaries who first came to China and Japan) have reversed the patronizing concept by looking on some aspects of Buddhism as errors that may yet serve as praeparatio Evangelii—if you will, upaya stood on its head. Additionally, the beginning of John’s gospel leaves no wiggle room for possible vagueness. on Do the Moral Teachings of Jesus Imply that Jesus Was Just a Good Moral Teacher? Those debates are not trivial, and a debate usually implies a friction of some sort - that we cannot easily harmonize at least some specifics. Volf is a very learned and much published Protestant theologian of Croatian origin. By Jacob Thomas. Islam’s Abrahamic Religion Claim Is A Trojan Horse Subterfuge . He used to teach for a while at Fuller Theological Seminary in California, one of the centers of the current revival of Evangelical theology; he is now a professor at the Yale Divinity School. Jesus cannot both have been crucified and not crucified. The law of non-contradiction dictates, even on the most restrained view of the facts, helps us see that the Abrahamic faiths could not possibly be referring to the same God. The contention was that the name “Allah” properly refers to the God proclaimed by the Prophet Muhammad, and to no one else. Abrahamic religions are “monotheistic”, meaning that they believe in just one God. But the problem of Christology, summed up in Jesus’ question to his first disciples “And who do you say that I am?”, cannot be wished away by either side. At this point, it should be clear that the Abrahamic religions do NOT believe in the same God because the truth essential to at least two of them are contradictory. Whatever examination we continue at this point is all gravy, but let’s get the gravy anyway. And the most Orthodox Jew cannot ignore the fact that Jesus was himself a Jew and that the earliest Christians constituted a movement (however heretical) within first-century Judaism. I have long argued that the dialogue between Jerusalem and Benares is an important task for Christian theology. Do the Moral Teachings of Jesus Imply that Jesus Was Just a Good Moral Teacher? 7. As to what kind of role Abraham played in the development of each religion, that is not designated by the label. Muhammad inaccurately thought that what Christians were claiming was that Jesus was the biological son of God (walad) instead of understanding it correctly as the metaphysical functional personal relationship that exists in the Godhead (more appropriately referred to as ibn). The opposition was succinctly summarized by a seminary student: “At stake is the gospel. Do Sunnis and Shiah? They are similar in a variety of ways. Yes, all Abrahamic Religions worship the One & the same God. Conversely, the disciples said they did no such thing. The "Word" or the "Son" who made the world also made His dwelling among us; this is the doctrine of the incarnation of God as a human being. Most of the disciples underwent extreme persecution, and some were put to death merely for their insistence that Jesus had come back to life. Jews, Christians and Muslims, the children of Abraham, believe that this humanity is part of the creation by the one God whom they worship. These religions believe that God created the world and has absolute authority over the world and humanity. For our intents and purposes, we need to evaluate whether Judaism, Christianity, and Islam reveal, teach and believe in the same God. While Judaism isn't as large as Christianity and Islam, its impact on the world has still been as profound. The way in which the Koran interprets Judaism and Christianity is hardly compatible with the self-understanding of these religions. Prior to that it was mostly paganism. Can God be a Unitarian God and also a Trinitarian God? But, once one has encountered the high points of this history, some in ancient texts but some still very much alive today, one will find the notion of Abrahamic faiths very plausible indeed. The Qur’an rejects it. DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES BETWWEN ABRAHAMIC RELIGIONS 2 Differences and Similarities between Abrahamic Religions The three major Abrahamic religions; Christianity, Islam, and Judaism share the same ancestor. He rejected the ancient name of God as “Jehovah” and replaced it with “Allah” (Allah is the Arabic word for God, so the word Allah was not always used to refer to the god of Islam; after Muhammad however, it almost always is). Among other things: the purpose of humanity, the relationship of God and humanity, sin, forgiveness, salvation, the afterlife, Jesus, Muhammad, the calendar, and the religious importance of Abraham himself. With that said, there are also differences in the hermeneutics of the OT text over which Jewish and Christian theologians will vehemently debate. on Do Many Potential Options Compromise the One Truth? Whence all creation had its origin, the creator, whether he fashioned it or whether he did not, the creator, who surveys it all from highest heaven, he knows — or maybe even he does not know. In 1955 Will Herberg published an influential book, Protestant-Catholic-Jew, in which he argued, among other things, that these three faiths now constituted a common foundation of the American creed. Volf said that his position was one of “political theology”, rather than a statement of what is required for salvation. There are enough common affirmations to justify this—most importantly, of course, the belief that there is only one God (what the late Richard Niebuhr, coincidentally another Yale Divinity professor, called “radical monotheism”)—but also the belief in a personal creator distinct from the creation, and the giver of a moral code. This misunderstanding led Muhammad to deny Jesus as God and demoted Christ to a mere prophet. But so there are within each. There are also minor Abrahamic religious traditions, such as Samaritanism, Druze, Rastafari, Yazidi, Babism and the Bahá'í Faith. Similarities and Differences among the Religious Beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are referred to as the three Abrahamic religions, this means that in addition to being monotheistic religions that worship the same God, these three religions feature Abraham in a foundational role (Gilman 15). The Abrahamic faiths same the same point of view on many topics but they also have differing opinions about other topics. In the Qur’an, Muhammad claimed that this Unitarian Allah was the one doing the creating (Surahs 32.4, 10.3, 25.61-62, 55.1-7, 2.29, 59.24, 50.38, 41.9-12). But there has also been opposition to the usage within the three alleged religious cousins. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1:1-5, 14). Historically he was called the husband of his mother. There are Hindu versions of theism, with intense devotions to personal deities (bhakti), but there is no real analogue to the monotheism that originated in the deserts of the Near East. Miroslav Volf gave a lecture there, evidently provoking a lively debate. If we’re going to arrive at a reasonable conclusion, we must first understand one of the most important rules of logic - the Law of Noncontradiction. The law of non-contradiction is the catalyst for the debate because during a debate the sides involved have views that are at odds with one another. It has become common now to speak of Judaism, Christianity and Islam as constituting three forms of “Abrahamic faith”. In that it is similar to the term “Judaeo-Christian”, which originated around the 1950s with the similarly admirable intention of countering anti-Semitism. After the resurrection, they all appear to have a newfound confidence that makes absolutely no sense if they had indeed stolen Jesus’ body and pretended Jesus had come back to life. But this criticism was somewhat muted, not only because just about all these scholars approved of the purpose of interfaith amity, but also because the continuity between Judaism and Christianity is hard to deny. But there is also common ground, I think, between morally decent people of all faiths or no faith. All are welcome to participate. ... and Jews, really all worship the same God? x cannot both be true and false at the same time. There are many other differences one could mention, but the point should be clear - can Jesus be that Messiah and not be that Messiah? The Jewish conception of God is Unitarian - God is one in essence and person. Judaism and Christianity share many doctrines. This view is where some of those hermeneutical debates would arise with Christians maintaining that the OT makes it clear that the God of the OT is also Trinitarian. Do The Three Abrahamic Faiths Worship The Same God? Since Judaism is the earliest of these religions and Christianity second, let’s section off those two and evaluate them first. He was with God in the beginning. 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